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June 2020                                                      Viewpointe, Page 3

       JICYMI from page 2                                   Sephardic Dutch Jews were also among the early   inhabitants. While everyone shall sit safely under his own
                                                         settlers of Newport (where Touro Synagogue, the country’s   vine and fig-tree and there shall be none to make him afraid.”
       on the main branch of Powell’s Creek, Virginia, around 1648,   oldest surviving synagogue building, stands), Savannah,      In 1790, the approximate 2,500 Jews in America faced a
       Albino Lupo who traded with his brother, Amaso de Tores, in   Philadelphia and Baltimore. In New York City, Shearith Israel   number of legal restrictions in various states that prevented
       London. Two brothers named Silvedo and Manuel Rodriguez   Congregation is the oldest continuous congregation started   non-Christians from holding public office and voting, but
       are documented to be in Lancaster County, Virginia, around   in 1687 having their first synagogue erected in 1728, and its   Delaware, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Georgia soon
       1650. None of the Jews in Virginia were forced to leave under   current building still houses some of the original pieces of   eliminated these barriers, as did the Bill of Rights in 1791
       any conditions. Solomon Franco, a Jewish merchant, arrived   that first.                            generally.
       in Boston in 1649; subsequently he was given a stipend from      In 1740 Parliament passed the Plantation Act to regularize      Sephardic Jews became active in community affairs in
       the Puritans there, on condition he leave on the next passage   and encourage immigration; the law specifically permitted   the 1790s, after achieving “political equality in the five states
       back to Holland.                                  Jews and other nonconformists to be naturalized in their   in which they were most numerous.” Other barriers did not
          In I654, shortly before the Jewish New Year, twenty-three   American colonies. By the time of American Revolution,   officially fall for decades in the states of Rhode Island (1842),
       Jews from the Sephardic community in the Netherlands,   the Jewish population in America was still small, with only   North Carolina (1868), and New Hampshire (1877).
       coming from Recife, Brazil, then a Dutch colony, arrived   1,000 to 2,000, in a colonial population of about 2.5 million.     Despite these restrictions, which were often enforced
       in New Amsterdam (New York City). Governor Peter   Revolutionary era                                unevenly, there were really too few Jews in 17th- and 18th-
       Stuyvesant tried to enhance his Dutch Reformed Church by      By 1776 and the War of Independence, around 2,000   century America for anti-Jewish incidents to become a
       discriminating against other religions, but religious pluralism   Jews lived in America, most of them Sephardic Jews who   significant social or political phenomenon at the time. The
       was already a tradition in the Netherlands and his superiors   immigrated from Spain and Portugal. They played a role in   evolution for Jews from toleration to full civil and political
       (a number of them Jews) at the Dutch West India Company   the struggle for independence, including fighting the British,   equality that followed the American Revolution helped
       in Amsterdam overruled him. In 1664 the English conquered   with Francis Salvador being the first Jew to die, and playing a   ensure that Antisemitism would never become as common
       New Amsterdam and renamed it New York.            role in financing the revolution, with one of the key financiers   as in Europe.
       Early Jewish Congregations in the 13 British Colonies   being Haym Solomon.                         19th Century
       in North America.                                    The highest ranking Jewish officer of the Colonial forces      Following traditional religious and cultural teachings
          Religious tolerance was also established elsewhere in   was Colonel Mordecai Sheftall. Others, like David Salisbury   about improving the lot of their brethren, Jewish residents
       the colonies; the colony of South Carolina, for example,   Franks,  despite  loyal  service  in  both  the  Continental   in the United States began to organize their communities
       was originally governed under an elaborate charter drawn   Army and the American diplomatic corps, suffered from   in the early 19th century. Early examples include a Jewish
       up in 1669  by  the English  philosopher  John  Locke.   his association as aide-de-camp for the traitorous general   orphanage set up in Charleston, South Carolina in 1801, and
       This charter granted liberty of conscience to all settlers,   Benedict Arnold.                      the first Jewish school, Polonies Talmud Torah, established
       expressly mentioning “Jews, heathens, and dissenters.” As      President George Washington remembered the Jewish   in New York in 1806. In 1843, the first national secular
       a result, Charleston, South Carolina has a particularly long   contribution when he wrote to the Sephardic congregation   Jewish organization in the United States, the B’nai B’rith
       history of Sephardic settlement, which in 1816 numbered   of Newport, Rhode Island, in a letter dated August 17, 1790:   was established.
       over 600, then the largest Jewish population of any city   “May the children of the stock of Abraham who dwell in the      Jewish Texans have been a part of Texas History since
       in the United States.                             land continue to merit and enjoy the goodwill of the other   the first European explorers arrived in the 16th century.
                                                                                                           Spanish Texas did not welcome easily identifiable Jews,
                                                                                                           but they came in any case. Jao de la Porta was with Jean
                                     Board Of Directors                                                    Laffite at Galveston, Texas in 1816, and Maurice Henry was
                                                                                                           in Velasco in the late 1820s. Jews fought in the armies of
                   April 2019 – April 2020 Officers/Executive Committee                                    the Texas Revolution of 1836, some with Fannin at Goliad,
                                                                                                           others at San Jacinto. Dr. Albert Levy became a surgeon
                                                                                                           to revolutionary Texan forces in 1835, participated in the
         Chairman and President  Barry J. Haberman      District 5 Dan Gabrielle (La Corniche)
         Vice Chair          Steve Retzer                  Esplanada, Caravelle, Palomar, La Corniche,     capture of Béxar, and joined the Texas Navy the next year.
         Vice President      Gail Ehrlich                  and El Dorado                                      By 1840, Jews constituted a tiny, but nonetheless stable,
         2nd Vice President      Jim Collins            District 6 Marvin Lazarowitz (Villa Stel)          middle-class minority of about 15,000 out of the 17 million
         Secretary           Steve  King                   Villa Flora, Montego Bay, Villa Stel, and Palladium  Americans counted by the U.S. Census. Jews intermarried
         Treasurer           Harvey  Kaplan             District 7 Joyce Britt (Villa Sonrisa)             rather freely with non-Jews, continuing a trend that had
                                                           The Plum/Cortina, Villa Sonrisa and Pointe 100  begun at least a century earlier. However, as immigration
         District Directors                             District 8 Len Kagan (Costa del Sol)               increased the Jewish population to 50,000 by 1848, negative
         District 1 Alvaro Fernandez Caballero (Encantada)     Costa del Sol and Costa Brava               stereotypes of Jews in newspapers, literature, drama, art,
            Encantada, Valencia and The Palms           District 9 Robin Gliboff (Edgewater)               and popular culture grew more commonplace and physical
         District 2 Steve King (Imperial Royale)           Edgewater Pointe Estates and Stratford Court    attacks became more frequent.
            Promenade, Imperial Royale, Imperial, Regency                                                     More next month.
            and Panaché                                 At Large Directors     At Large Directors
         District 3 Steve Retzer (La Mirada)            Through 2020           Through 2021
            La Mirada and Meridiana                     Carsten Bethge (Valencia)  Howard Davis (La Corniche)     For copies of this and other articles that have appeared in
         District 4 Bob Greenstein (La Paz)             Jim Collins (Caravelle)  Gail Ehrlich (Villa Flora)  this column, go to Send comments
            El Viento, La Paz, and Southwinds           Harvey Kaplan (Meridiana) Barry J. Haberman  (Encantada)  to 

         The Keyes Company Acquires Zeuner Realty                                                            Executive Suites Now
                                                                                                             Available At Boca

           Boca Pointe’s #1 Producing Real Estate Office                                                     Pointe Community

               Joins South Florida’s #1 Independent
                 Residential Real Estate Company                                                             Association Offices
            The Keyes Company announced the acquisition of Boca  non-profits such as the Jewish Federation, Papanicolaou,      Suites are overlooking the beautiful Lake Buttonwood
         Raton-based, family-owned real estate firm Zeuner Realty.  a Cancer Research Group, and in tandem with the Boca   and the Boardwalk. Located in the thriving shopping plaza
         The Zeuner family has had a presence in Boca Pointe for  Pointe community.                         at 18th Street and Powerline Road. Several suites are still
         almost 35 years and are recognized as the #1 producing real     “We plan to continue growing through strategic   available from 170 square feet to 315 square feet.
         estate office in the area.                     acquisitions,” said Steve Reibel, SVP of Keyes. “Profit      Call Kathleen at 561-395-7551 for an appointment.
            “We are pleased to welcome Zeuner Realty and their  margins are tightening in the brokerage industry, so we’re      Amenities available:
         outstanding group of real estate professionals,” said Keyes  seeing more and more consolidation of firms. We are      Large and small conference room
         CEO Mike Pappas. “This acquisition further builds on  fortunate to have the infrastructure, technology and diversity   Breakroom
         Keyes and Illustrated Properties’ leadership position in the  of services to help our brokers thrive.”     Private bathrooms
         Palm Beach County residential and luxury markets.”     About The Keyes Company: Independently-owned   Furniture
            Zeuner Realty, its agents and the Zeuner Team will  and operated since 1926, The Keyes Company is a leader      Internet services
         maintain their current office under the Keyes brand, located  in the real estate industry. Keyes completed a merger with      Phone service
         at 6909 SW 18 Street, #116, Boca Raton, Florida, 33433.  Illustrated Properties in July 2016. Keyes has 50 plus
         The office includes the Zeuner Team, which consists of  offices, more than 3,000 associates and nearly $7 billion   Security services 
         Doris and Stuart Zeuner, Shari Zeuner Schwamm, Craig  in annual real estate sales and services. Keyes’ offices are
         Zeuner and Marci Burkin and 10 other agents. The office  distributed throughout six counties – Miami-Dade, Broward,
         sold an estimated $35 million last year.       Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Volusia. Keyes expands
            “This is a good move for us,” said Shari Zeuner  our Associates’ reach globally as a Founding Member   Your Driver
         Schwamm, daughter of Zeuner Realty’s founder, Doris  and Shareholder of Leading Real Estate Companies of   Airport Car Service
         Zeuner, who with her husband Stuart, live and work in  the World . In addition to its great team of associates, The   WPB, FLL, MIA
         Boca Pointe. “We really like the Keyes people and their  Keyes Company offers a suite of resources to cover whatever
         reputation for providing agents with the finest technology  needs arise while buying or selling a home including
         and marketing platform and additional services that will  mortgages, title insurance, property insurance, and property   HowarD BarrY
         benefit our customers.” The Zeuner Team will continue to  management. These in-house resources enable us to close   No Worry Arrival
         service their customers and can be reached at 561-447-2100.  customer deals with speed and efficiency while giving them   & Departures
            Like Keyes, the Zeuners and their team have been  the opportunity to talk to a real person whenever they have
                                                                                                                                               Boca Pointe
         very involved in the community helping raise funds for  a question. For more information visit  Lowest Prices       Boca Raton, FL
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